Evacuations are happening now but don’t help the transportation disadvantaged. Agencies, states, and areas affected by Katrina lack mass transit evacuation plans.
Renne et al 11- Renne is a PhD from the University of New Orleans, Sanchez is a PhD from the University of Utah, and Litman is a director at the Victoria Transport Policy Institute (John L. Renne, Thomas W. Sanchez and Todd Litman Carless and Special Needs Evacuation Planning : A Literature Review Journal of Planning Literature 2011 26: 420 originally published online 10 October 2011 Pg 428-429 accessed 12/7/12)

An example of successful plans for carless evacuation is an initiative
the evacuation of lowmobility and special needs populations

Disads are nonunique-spending for Sandy should have triggered all their disads. Future funding is piecemeal which necessitates future legislation
Moser 1/29(Haggling over Hurricane Sandy relief: The unraveling of a rational disaster relief policy By Marian Moser Jones, author, The American Red Cross from Clara Barton to the New Deal - 01/29/13 10:00 AM ET http://thehill.com/blogs/congress-blog/economy-a-budget/279587-haggling-over-hurricane-sandy-relief-the-unraveling-of-a-rational-disaster-relief-policy#ixzz2JQ6ccQ00 Jones, an assistant professor in the Department of Family Sciences at the University of Maryland School of Public Health, is author of The American Red Cross from Clara Barton to the New Deal
Johns Hopkins University Press, Nov. 2012. She has previously served as an Assistant Professor at Virginia Commonwealth University’s Science, Technology and Society Program. Jones received her Ph.D. and M.P.H. degrees in Sociomedical Sciences from Columbia University, and her A.B. from Harvard College. Before beginning her graduate studies, Jones worked as a journalist, most recently serving as Editorial Director at GenomeWeb, an online life sciences news service in New York City.)

The frustrating delay in moving Hurricane Sandy relief through Congress reflects

and it is doubtful that Congress will start it.

PLAN: Chris and I present the plan: The United States federal government should substantially increase its investment in evacuation transportation infrastructure in areas affected by Hurricane Katrina in 2005 in the United States.

The intersection of race and poverty and car-lessness made the aftermath of Katrina into an overwhelming display of institutional racism. Mass transportation is critical for evacuation.
Wailoo et al. 10 (Keith Wailoo- B.A, 1984, Yale University; M.A., 1989, and Ph.D. (History and Sociology of Science), 1992, University of Pennsylvania; joint appointment: Associate Professor of History, Karen M. O’Neill- Karen M. O’Neill studies how land and water policies change the standing of program beneficiaries and experts and change government's claims to authority and power., Jeffrey Dowd- graduate student, Roland Anglin- Associate Research Professor; Director, Joseph C. Cornwall Center for Metropolitan Studies School of Public Affairs and Administration (SPAA) Rutgers University-Newark ; Katrina’s Imprint: Race and Vulnerability in America; 11/2010; pages 23-27)

A landmark decision most known today for its application beyond transportation,
car ownership ever more expensve and difficult in many inner-city neighborhoods.

The media’s images after Katrina turned the victims into savages, desecrating their individuality into a new type of reality TV. The government prohibits response by erecting “walls” of economic racism.

Žižek 05 (OCTOBER 20, 2005 The Subject Supposed to Loot and Rape Reality and fantasy in New Orleans BY SLAVOJ ŽIŽEKSlovenian philosopher and psychoanalyst, is a senior researcher at the Institute for Advanced Study in the Humanities, in Essen, Germany. He has also been a visiting professor at more than 10 universities around the world. Žižek is the author of many other books, including Living in the End Times, First As Tragedy, Then As Farce, The Fragile Absolute and Did Somebody Say Totalitarianism? He lives in London http://www.inthesetimes.com/article/2361/

According to a well-known anecdote, anthropologists studying “primitives”
Katrina bear witness to the deep class division of American society

A federal response is the only ethical route. We need to recognize our collective responsibility to vulnerable populations.
Giroux, 2006 – Professor of English and Cultural Studies at McMaster University, previous professors at BU, Miami U, and Penn State (Henry, “Reading Hurricane Katrina: Race, Class, and the Biopolitics of Disposability”, accessed from JSTOR 7/1/12)BZ

In a May 25, 2001 interview, Grover Norquist, head of the right-wing group Americans
the resources necessary for an adequate emergency response plan in the event of a flood

The 1AC is a pedagogical advocacy that opens up new opportunities for democratic deliberation and political action that disrupts the images of “powerlessness” of populations. A recognition of our obligations to the materially deprived helps to combat the biopolitics of disposability.
Giroux, 2006– Professor of English and Cultural Studies at McMaster University, previous professors at BU, Miami U, and Penn State (Henry, “Reading Hurricane Katrina: Race, Class, and the Biopolitics of Disposability”, accessed from JSTOR 7/1/12)BZ

Biopolitics is not just about the reduction of selected elements of the population to the necessities
totalitarianism, and democracy is the antidote in urgent need of being reclaimed.

Lack of public transportation creates racism in day to day life

D'auvergne 06 Chapman University Southern University and Agricultural and Mechanical College at Baton Rouge Bullard speaks on transportation, racism By NATALIE D'AUVERGNE Published: Monday, February 20, 2006

According to Bullard transportation may be liberating
transportation was not provided for everyone."

Rejecting racism comes first – its the precondition to ethical political decision making.
MEMMI2000 – Professor Emeritus of Sociology at the University of Paris (Albert, “RACISM”, translated by Steve Martinot, pp.163-165)
The struggle against racism will be long, difficult, without intermission
True, it is a wager, but the stakes are irresistible.
Structural harms outweigh
Abu-Jamal 98(Mumia, award-winning PA journalist, 9/19, http://www.flashpoints.net/mQuietDeadlyViolence.html)
We live, equally immersed, and to a deeper degree
great and terrible violence passes away with them

Impacts should be viewed through the lens of environmental and racial justice– this is necessary to understand and rebuild after Katrina.
Sze 06 Julie Sze is an assistant professor in American Studies at the University of California, Davis. Her forthcoming book on the culture, politics and history of environmental justice activism in New York City is under contract with MIT Press. It looks at the intersection of planning and health, especially through the prism of asthma, and at changes in garbage and energy systems as a result of privatization, globalization and deregulation. Toxic Soup Redux: Why Environmental Racism and Environmental Justice Matter after Katrina By Julie Sze Published on: Jun 11, 2006

Thus, the Gulf Coast region was, in many ways, “Ground Zero
long engaged with the toxic, environmental and disaster politics in the region.

Pure consequentialism is impossible – there are too many reactions that are unforeseeable – as an alternative, we suggest a view of morals. This is because we can understand the virtue of an action but we can never understand the consequences
Lenman 00 Univeristy of Glasglow and the United Kingdom Arts and Humanities Research Board.Consequentialism and Cluelessness Author(s): James Lenman Reviewed work(s): Source: Philosophy & Public Affairs, Vol. 29, No. 4 (Autumn, 2000), pp. 342-370 Published by: Blackwell Publishing Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2672830 . Accessed: 24/07/2012 09:53
A typical morally significant action will have a host of consequences that are neither
And such a story would precisely not be consequentialist.

The state is inevitable – our obligation is to make it as ethical as possible
Simmons 99William Paul, current Associate Professor of Political Science at ASU, formerly at Bethany College in the Department of History and Political Science, “The Third: Levinas' theoretical move from an-archical ethics to the realm of justice and politics,” Philosophy & Social Criticism November 1, 1999 vol. 25 no. 6

Since ‘it is impossible to escape the State’,

0020Each of these principles, left to itself, only hastens the contrary of what it wants to secure.

Crisis imagery is a drug, used by the media and public to “get their fix.” Disaster victims only matter when and only when they are portrayed by the media. These efforts to solve these problems are coproductive with the disasters themselves because they need the next big catastrophe. We need to respond because it’s morally correct, not to prevent disasters
Baudrillard 94[Jean, “The Illusion of the End” p. 66-71]
We have long denounced the capitalistic, economic
third kind, deliberate and experimental

Util promotes a decision calculus that is inherently racist - prefers the majority over justice
Odell 2004 (University of Illinois is an Associate Professor of Philosophy (Jack, Ph.D., “On Consequentialist Ethics,” Wadsworth, Thomson Learning, Inc., pp. 98-103) Herm
A classic objection to both act and rule
sacrificed to the Gods for the welfare of the group

Racism creates a permanent condition of war
Mendieta 02, Eduardo Mendieta, PhD and Associate professor of Stonybrook School of Philosophy, “‘To make live and to let die’ –Foucault on Racism Meeting of the Foucault Circle, APA Central Division Meeting” http://www.stonybrook.edu/commcms/philosophy/people/faculty_pages/docs/foucault.pdf
This is where racism intervenes, not from without,
then these threat and foes are biological in nature

Embracing the Other makes war impossible
Caygill 02 Howard, Professor of Cultural History at Goldsmiths College, University of London, Levinas and the Political
The other makes possible the time of labour and
possession that must be defended by war.

No Nuclear War
Tepperman, 2009 [Jonathan, Newsweek International's first Assistant Managing Editor (now Deputy Editor), “Why Obama Should Learn to Love the Bomb” 8-29, http://www.newsweek.com/2009/08/28/why-obama-should-learn-to-love-the-bomb.html, SM]
Why indeed? The iron logic of deterrence and mutually
each country did what they had to do to avoid it