Current 1AC

Plan Text: The United States federal government should facilitate the deployment of space based solar power.

Contention 1 is Deterrence.


Scenario 1 is Forward Deployment.


DOD oil dependence straightjackets our forces and operational capacity, this hampers power projection and makes our military posture unsustainable
Crowley et. al 7*Thomas D. Crowley is a Policy Consultant for LMI Tonya D. Corrie is a policy consultant for LMI *David B. Diamond is a policy consultant for LMIStuart D. Funk is a policy Consultant for LMI*Wilhelm A. Hansen, Andrea D. Stenhoff, and Daniel C. Swift are policy consultants for LMI**LMI is a governmental consulting organization [__http://www.dtic.mil/cgi-bin/GetTRDoc?Location=U2&doc=GetTRDoc.pdf&AD=ADA467003__, april 2007, “Transforming the Way DOD Looks at Energy”]

DOD fuel consumption will ONLY rise
Crowley et. al 7*Thomas D. Crowley is a Policy Consultant for LMI Tonya D. Corrie is a policy consultant for LMI *David B. Diamond is a policy consultant for LMIStuart D. Funk is a policy Consultant for LMI*Wilhelm A. Hansen, Andrea D. Stenhoff, and Daniel C. Swift are policy consultants for LMI**LMI is a governmental consulting organization [__http://www.dtic.mil/cgi-bin/GetTRDoc?Location=U2&doc=GetTRDoc.pdf&AD=ADA467003__, april 2007, “Transforming the Way DOD Looks at Energy”]

SPS key – provides the only sustainable power source to the military
Taylor Dinerman, senior editor at the Hudson Institute’s New York branch and co-author of the forthcoming Towards a Theory of Spacepower: Selected Essays, from National Defense University Press, 11/24/2008, “Space solar power and the Khyber Pass”, The Space Review, http://www.thespacereview.com/article/1255/1

Strong forward deployment prevents multiple scenarios for nuclear conflict
Robert Kagan, Senior Associate at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2007, “End of Dreams, Return of History” Policy Review (http://www.hoover.org/publications/policyreview/8552512.html#n10)]

Scenario 2 is Aerospace.


The U.S. is ceding technological leadership—our space program is dying.
DominicGates, Seattle Times aerospace reporter, 6/12/11, “Boeing's Albaugh worries about 'intellectual disarmament' of U.S.”, The Seattle Times,
http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/businesstechnology/2015304417_albaughside13.html

Infrastructure and tech advances of SPS provide a framework to ensure the US remains the aerospace leader.
NSSO, National Space Security Organization, joint office to support the Executive Agent for Space and the newly formed Defense Space Council, 10/10/2007, SpaceBased Solar Power As an Opportunity For Strategic Security, Phase 0 Architecture Feasibility Study, http://www.nss.org/settlement/ssp/library/final-sbsp-interim-assessment-release-01.pdf

Aerospace is integral to the American competitiveness and economy—direct market and spinoff tech
AIAA 09[Aerospace Industries Association of America. “Aerospace and Defense: The Strength to Lift America”. 2009. http://www.aia-aerospace.org/assets/wp_strength_aug09.pdf.]

Aerospace dominance is key to American primacy and prevents great power war
Mike Snead, president and founder of the Spacefaring Institute LLC and an aerospace engineering consultant, senior member at the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 6-3-2007, “Why the next president should start America on the path to becoming a true spacefaring nation”, http://spacefaringamerica.net/2007/06/03/6--why-the-next-president-should-start-america-on-the-path-to-becoming-a-true-spacefaring-nation.aspx

Space primacy deters multiple nuclear conflicts in Asia
Ashley J. Tellis et al, Chung Min Lee, James Mulvenon, Courtney Purrington, and Michael D. Swaine, sources of conflict in the 21st century, availible via the rand website @ rand.org. chapter 3, 1998

Contention 2 is Energy.


Scenario 1 is Warming.


Terrestrial energy sources all have fatal flaws
National Space Society 11, independent, educational, grassroots, non-profit organization dedicated to the creation of a space faring civilization, 7/13/11, www.nss.org/settlement/ssp/index.htm]

SPS is the ideal clean energy to solve warming – minimal pollution and resource use
Garretson, a Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) International Fellow in India, previously the Chief of Future Science and Technology Exploration for Headquarters Air Force, Directorate of Strategic Plans and Programs, 09 (Peter A., “Sky’s No Limit: Space-Based Solar Power, The Next Major Step In The Indo-US Strategic Partnership?”, http://spacejournal.ohio.edu/issue16/papers/OP_SkysNoLimit.pdf)


Global warming is real and anthropegenic - thousands of studies prove, and human energy production is the problem
Rahmstorf 08 (Stefan Rahmstorf, Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, 2008, “Anthropegenic Climate Change: Revisiting the Facts”)

Warming causes extinction
Deibel 07 (, Professor of IR @ National War College, 2007 (Terry L., “Foreign Affairs Strategy: Logic for American Statecraft” pages 397-8)

Scenario two is peak oil
Peak oil coming now - alternatives are unfeasible, destroy the environment, and are politically inflated, but the government won’t do anything about it
John Bellamy Foster, professor of sociology at the University of Oregon, 2005, “Peak Oil and Energy Imperialism”

Oil dependence causes great power war
Richard Heinberg, CORE FACULTY MEMBER AT NEW COLLEGE OF CALIFORNIA, The Party’s Over: Oil, War and the Fate of Industrial Societies, 2003, p. 230

The plan provides infinite cheap energy that can completely replace oil and solve global warming- acting now lets us spread the energy globally
William John Cox is a retired prosecutor and public interest lawyer, author and political activist, May 2010, http://pubrecord.org/commentary/7653/space-solar-energy-innovation-public/

SPS is better than all other alternatives- it makes economic sense while being completely safe while solving oil dependence
Globus 07 (Al Globus, serves on the National Space Society Board of Directors and is a senior research associate for Human Factors Research and Technology at San Jose State University at NASA Ames Research Center, May 2007, http://www.space.com/3812-solar-power-space-strategy-america-world.html)

Contention 3 is Solvency.


SBSP is technologically feasible and can quickly become operational.
Whitesides ’08 (Loretta Hidalgo, Staff Writer for Wired Science. “Researchers Beam ‘Space’ Solar Power in Hawaii”. http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2008/09/visionary-beams/. September 12, 2008)

There are no more technical barriers – solves cost
Parker et al 2009 (A. M. Rubenchik, J. M. Parker, R. J. Beach, R. M. Yamamoto are employees of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. May 4, 2009. Solar Power Beaming: FromSpace to Earth) __https://e-reports-ext.llnl.gov/pdf/372187.pdf__ PB

Funding isn’t enough - government R&D is key to successful SPS
George Friedman,is an American political scientist and author. He is the founder, chief intelligence officer, financial overseer, and CEO of the private intelligence corporation Stratfor, 2011 “The Next Decade: Where We’ve Been and Where We’re Going”,http://books.google.com/books?id=y5plTzPTw8YC&pg=PA235&dq=Space+based+solar+power&hl=en&ei=99cDTq3bHIfEgAfTypSODg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10&ved=0CGAQ6AEwCQ#v=onepage&q=Space%20based%20solar%20power&f=false, Date accessed June 23, 2011

And, the US is key- nobody can compete with NASA’s resources, tech, and knowledge Costa 10 (Rebecca, sociobiologist and expert in emerging trends in relationship to human evolution, global markets, and new technologies, former CEO of Silicon Valley start-up Dazai Advertising, Inc., “Can NASA Save a Struggling America?”, 10-1-10, http://cleantechnica.com/2010/11/01/can-nasa-save-struggling-america/) OP