1AC – New Trier


We begin our discussion our transportation infrastructure as follows...

They ask for investment
In the status quo
A type of assessment
To make products grow

To the great resolution
That states RESOLVED
Propose a solution
To help us all solve
Hegemony, the Economy
Our dwindling resource store
Jobs, warming, disease
Global nuclear war

To the security apparatus
That’s the U.S.F.G
To those with government status
With PhD’s and degrees

To all those corporations
That sit back content
While some people struggle
To eat and pay rent

To the debate community
Whose unity depends
On suppressing opportunity
For descent

We have a message...

Here in this room
We all are debating
I wait to give my next speech
While others stand waiting
Wondering if they’ll have a next meal
Suffocating
In broken New Deal promises

And yet our discussions
Revolve around Russians
And Chinese miscalculation
The sensation we get when
We say that U.S readiness
Outweighs proliferation

But where are the people whose policies our discussion actually affects?
They can’t hear us calling from Capitol Hill
They don’t read Senator X and Y’s proposed Bill
They’re too busy working and working long hours
So to those that scream down from their white ivory towers
You’ll have to scream louder

You want transportation infrastructure, we’ll give you some historical examples

Europeans came on ships
And they made several trips
Killing off the oppressed
They were hell bent obsessed
On profit
Investment was based off
The impressment of natives
Transportation was a mutilation
A creation of Western objectivity
Productivity preceded all other action
The extraction of natural resources
Was the only thing worth investing…
The English Royal Fleet
Spanish Crusade
And way before that it was based off the slave trade
- Palcios 12 (Christian, student at Whitney Young High school, certified poet, romantic, and terrorist amongst other things, CP)

Have the discussions of the oppressed ever permeated the thick fabric of fiat
That we use to keep ourselves insulated, secured against any meaningful exchange
That we can have with those that are less fortunate than us?

We begin with a narrative from Adam Burke
Burke 08,(Adam, Writer for NPR) December 4, 2008 “Sucked into the tunnels underneath Las Vegas” http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=97800190
It would be easy to … ." No reason to doubt him.

This year the resolution calls us to address the policies of Transportation infrastructure in the United States. However, our affirmation of infrastructure requires an investment not in fiatted monetary terms but instead an investment in what lies beneath the streets, beneath the flickering pulse of the bright lights and big cities we’re taught to see as centers of American liberty and freedom
Abu-Jamal 98(Mumia Abu-Jamal 1998 “A QUIET AND DEADLY VIOLENCE,” 9/19/98, http://www.mumia.nl/TCCDMAJ/quietdv.htm)

It has often been observed … decade, throughout the world."[Gilligan, p. 196]

AND - We need to challenge the current invisibility of structural violence amongst our communities. The normal functioning of debate, much like our current functioning of modern American society, constructs a methodological distinction between groups of people, deeming them a part of the in crowd or the out crowd...Discussions are either “topical” or “not-topical” – relevant or irrelevant. This constant issue excludes the oppressed from our discussions, further distancing the oppressed from ourselves, contributing to the systematic violence present in the status-quo. This is what leads an invisible genocide committed against the weak and poor throughout the world. We propose an inclusionary approach through our relationships within our debate community, debate's discursive potential, and the appreciation and acceptance of diverse ways of viewing the world, including the world in which we live in and the world in which we debate in, in order to discontinue the invisibility of structural violence.
Winter and Leighton in 1999 (Deborah DuNann Winter and Dana C. Leighton. Winter: Psychologist that specializes in Social Psych, Counseling Psych, Historical and Contemporary Issues, Peace Psychology. Leighton: PhD graduate student in the Psychology Department at the University of Arkansas. Knowledgable in the fields of social psychology, peace psychology, and ustice and intergroup responses to transgressions of justice) (Peace, conflict, and violence: Peace psychology in the 21st century. Pg 4-5)

Finally, to recognize the operation … to empower citizens to reduce it.

Therefore the Role of The Ballot for this debate is to endorse a political discussion emphasizing the voices of the oppressed people affected by transportation infrastructure as we debate this year’s resolution. Resolved: The United States federal government should substantially increase its transportation infrastructure investment in the United States. Your ballot acts as an endorsement of a brand of politics capable of challenging the violent norms of the status quo, voting aff is the act pressing down on the elevator taking a look at what goes down underneath the streets.

The failure to incorporate the lives of those who are oppressed by our politics can only lead to more oppressive politics… and eventually the failure of our politics.
Friere 70 (Paulo Friere, Pedagogy of the Oppressed, Chapter 1, educator and director of the Department of Cultural Extension of Recife University,1970)

For the truly humanist educator … cultural invasion,[11]good intentions notwithstanding

Our affirmation of the resolution escapes the politics of business as usual - opening up agency that resists the sovereigns command over all life and beauty. We resist that which robs our political projects of agency and commitment.
Wadiwel 02 (Dinesh Joesph, “Cows and Sovereignty: Biopower and Animal Life” Borderlands E-Journal Vol.1 #2)
But such a political program has … life shared by both entities.

Only by recognizing the ways in which we are negatively affected by transportation infrastructure while simultaneously acknowledging the ways in which our advancement in such spaces are at the expense of others can we purposefully and effectively challenge the systems that have created and allows structural violence both in the past and the status quo.

Henze 2000 (Brent R.Henze 2000 “Who Says Who Says?: The Epistemological Grounds for Agency in Liberatory Political Projects.” Found in Reclaiming Identity: Realist theory and the predicament of postmodernism. Edited by Paula Moya and Michael Hames-Garcia)

ThoughIargueagainstefforts… yetparticulareffectofpower.

Before we start cross-x we wish to return ourselves to the discussion of the poor. Help for one another goes beyond any material condition in the world. Voting affirmative understands our advocacy as not only a call of material responsibility but also that of spiritual responsibility. Politics minus an understanding of non-material conditions lead to psychic genocide.
hooks 2000 (TY COLLEGE OF NEW YORK, PROFESSOR, THEN DISTINGUISHED PROFESSOR OF ENGLISH, 1995–2004; BEREA COLLEGE, BEREA, KY, DISTINGUISHED PROFESSOR-IN-RESIDENCE, BEGINNING 2004. CO-FOUNDER, HAMBONE LITERARY MAGAZINE. 2000[bELL,WHERE WE STAND: CLASS MATTERS, P. 129-130)

The poor may be with … as needs of the spirit.